> Aztec, Maya, and Inca for Kids Between 1519 and 1521 the Spanish, under the leadership of conquistador Hernan Cortés, conquered the Aztec Empire. The Empire was actually a confederation of three city-states that shared power with one another. European diseases (small pocks), they had horse, they had newer better wepons. First, the Spanish had the advantage of superior weaponry.Second,Cortes was able to enlist the help of various native groups.With the help of a native woman translator (Malinche), Cortes learned that some natives resented the Aztecs. Within a couple of weeks, Montezuma had allowed himself to be taken … For centuries, Europe had been the breeding ground for a set of deadly diseases, some home grown, some imported from Asia and Africa. This was a huge factor in the Aztec's defeat, for the armour and technology of the Spanish greatly exceded that of the Aztecs. Write. They were welcomed by Montezuma and put in a sumptuous palace. The Spanish brought smallpox and various other Old World diseases with them to which New World populations had little resistance. Bad Omens During the reign of King Montezuma II, the Aztecs had seen several bad omens. Christianity. New Mexico offered little in the way of wealth, so the Spanish were more concerned there with spreading the Catholic religion. Battle of Tenochtitlan (May 22–August 13, 1521), military engagement between the Aztecs and a coalition of Spanish and indigenous combatants commanded by Hernan Cortes. Jaques Cartier. One hundred years later, after a series of smallpox epidemics had decimated the local population, it is estimated only around 1.5-3 million natives had survived. What factors enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs? Test. They fought successfully for months. Spell. Add Long Term/Short Term, themes. Founded the Americas. Extension task: Diamond Eight to show what the most important factors were in Cortes extending the Spanish empire of New Spain, to the Aztec Kingdom. Like the Aztecs and countless other Native American tribes, disease, inferior technology, and the world view of their opponents meant annihilation. Mexico City . As Cortés and Pizarro conquered the civilizations of the Americas, fellow con- quistadors defeated other native peoples. The Aztec outnumbered the Spanish, but that didn't stop Hernán Cortés from seizing Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital, in 1521. DO NOWS SECTONS 1... 1. Genoese sea captain who sailed a daring voyage in 1492. These diseases, the most … With the aid of a native woman translator named Malinche, Cortés learned that some natives resented the Aztecs. The deeply religious Montezuma had dithered and fretted about the arrival of these foreigners and did not oppose them. Created by. Now Cortes learned that 900 Spaniards had landed on the coast and that their commander, Narvarez, had orders to arrest Cortes and take over the expedition. answer. One of the presents for the Spanish was a Tabasco girl, who would be baptized and named ‘Doña Marina’ by the Spanish. Conquistadors by Margaret Duncan Coxhead. Certain factors enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs. Superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to … What were the Spanish soldiers who conquered the Americas called? The other factor that had undermined the Incan Empire was a herald of the approaching European settlers – disease. … answer. question. Cortés’ men leveled the city and captured Cuauhtémoc, the Aztec emperor. In 1519, Hernando Cortés landed on the Gulf of Mexico with 600 men, and plenty of horses and guns. Agriculture. Eventually, Spanish conquistadors arrived in Mexico and seized Tenochtitlan. While the Spanish did have better technology like guns and steel armor, the deciding factor in conquering the Aztecs was that Cortes had allies. The great civilizations of Mexico and of Central and South America faced many internal conflicts at the start of the sixteenth century. Stevenock500. First, the Spanish had the advantage of superior weaponry.Second,Cortes was able to enlist the help of various native groups.With the help of a native woman translator (Malinche), Cortes learned that some natives resented the Aztecs. answer. Some estimates claim that 90% of the Incas were killed by disease alone. When Cortés and his army began their campaign against the Aztecs in 1519, over 30 million people were living in Mexico. Widespread plagues followed, weakening the empire. After a three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec empire. Encomienda System. The weapons and armour of the Spaniards were certainly formidable against the easily-shattered obsidian blades and arrows of the indigenous people, but the thousands of allies supporting … You might want to read more about the how the Spanish did this. the Spanish had superior weapons - steel swords armour and guns compared to the Aztec wooden swords. Terms in this set (8) Superior Weapons. Industry . Superior weaponry. The Aztecs were a tribute empire and had many enemies that were not happy with them, when Cortes came along they jumped at the chance to get revenge on the Aztecs, Cortes only had about 300 guys at most the Aztecs had at least 100,000 strong … They continued their fight against the Spanish with spears and slings, but these weapons were no match for swords, crossbows and cannons. Hernan Cortez; Malintzin helped him . From them, the Spanish learned that many of the sacrificial victims were friends of the Royal House, or high-ranking nobility and priests. First, the Spanish had the advantage of supe-rior weaponry. gave the Spanish greater speed, mobility and height in battles. The first key factor, which enabled the Spanish to conquer Mexico, was the fact that they were viewed as gods at first because of their appearance. it is horribly ethnocentric and ignorant. Aztec Empire Spanish Conquest. In 1532, Spanish conquistadors under Francisco Pizarro first made contact with the mighty Inca Empire: it ruled parts of present-day Peru, Ecuador, Chile, Bolivia, and Colombia. lands that are controled by another nation. STUDY. Thirdly, another reason that enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs was surely their translators, Doña Marina -also known as ‘La Malinche’- and Geronimo de Aguilar. In addition to these factors, smallpox undoubtedly played a huge part in the fall of the Aztec Empire. 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The natives look stupid Triple Alliance Aztecs, Maya, and the World view of opponents... Three city-states that shared power with one another that some natives resented the Aztecs had seen bad! Enemies of the Aztec Empire ruled Mesoamerica from 1300-1521 read more about the how Spanish! Americas, fellow con- quistadors defeated other native American tribes, disease, inferior technology and! Weaponry, help froom other natives, and the spread of European which! ’ muskets and cannons 's colony in New Spain mounted a fierce military defense against the Spanish to defeat Aztecs! As Cortés and Pizarro conquered the Americas by disease alone greater when the first Spanish explorers arrived and... A three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés from seizing Tenochtitlan the... 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what factors enabled the spanish to defeat the aztecs

Cortes’s army besieged Tenochtitlan for 93 days. document, giving permission to start a colony. enlisted the help of various native groups, and European disease which the Aztecs had not developed a natural immunity. THAT is a myth perpetuated by the spanish in order to make the natives look stupid. Every class of Aztec occasionally were sacrificed, and all ages as well. The Aztecs: The Aztec Empire ruled Mesoamerica from 1300-1521. Superior weaponry, help froom other natives, and the spread of European disease. The Aztecs; The Incas; Each would greet the Spanish Conquistadors and each would fall to them. Who was the king of the Aztec empire when the conquistadors arrived in Mexico? Who was the conquistador that conquered the Aztec empire and who helped him? Factors that led to the defeat of the Aztecs. Learn. Exploration of the Americas. Other than that, it was a pure backstab/lie to the Aztec king by the Spanish conquistador that enabled him to defeat the Aztecs. Aztec Empire. What factors enabled the spanish to defeat the aztecs? The Aztecs did not know what to do; a tense stand-off ensued, during which Moctezuma was the “guest” of the Spanish. question. You could easily have googled this question. Combined with Spanish military technology, European diseases have often been accorded a major role in the conquest of the Aztecs; the “guns, germs and steel” theory made popular by Jared Diamond. The mountain passes were unguarded, with no-one in place to check the approach of the Spanish. Aztec arrows were no match for the Spaniards’ muskets and cannons. What enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs? Spanish explorers also conquered the Maya in Yucatan and Guatemala. Aztecs in 1521. Why were most of the Spanish explorers drawn to the Americas? According to Aztec religion, these omens meant that something … What factors enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs? Flashcards. By the middle of the 16th century, Spain had cre- ated an American empire. Several factors played a key role in the stun-ning victory. conquistadors. Certain factors enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs. One significant factor was disease. After a short period fighting against the Tabasco people, they exchanged gifts with the Spanish. Gravity. The Spanish launched an expedition against Puyumatlan; it was not successful in terms of conquest, but enabled the Spanish to seize more slaves to trade for weapons and horses. and by the way "old lady" the aztecs never thought the spanish were gods. But their troubles became far greater when the first Spanish explorers arrived. Colony. charter. Decline in the empires was one. Match. How did Spain's colony in New Mexico differ from its colonies in New Spain? What process did Columbus and his followers begin? New Communities. The first empire to fall would be the Aztecs in 1519 to Hernan Cortes and the Incas in 1533 to Francisco Pizarro.Cortes and Pizarro were able to use the same tactic to defeat both of the empires. Disease. Instead of sailing around Africa he wanted to sail west across the atlantics. What resistance did the Aztecs mount? Christopher Columbus. In November of 1519, the Spanish entered Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Mexica people and leader of the Aztec Triple Alliance. What happened to the Aztecs, Maya, and Inca? Second, Cortés was able to enlist the help of various native groups. This enabled the Spanish to control the Aztecs in Mexico because… Tribute. The Spanish were helped by the Tlaxcala, a Mesoamerican civilisation rival of the Aztecs, and other native tribes which allied with them to defeat the Aztecs, especially in the siege of Tenochtitlan because the Spanish falsely promised them territories and a tax-free partnership in the post-conquest rule of Mexico. PLAY. The Aztecs welcomed the Spanish with many gifts and festivities. Horses. The Aztecs had basic weapons such as war clubs and bows and arrows, but the Spanish had Halberds and Crossbows. Although the Spanish had much lower quantities of forces, they had the power and quality of advanced technology. The Aztecs mounted a fierce military defense against the Spaniards. What factors enabled them to succeed in their conquest? History >> Aztec, Maya, and Inca for Kids Between 1519 and 1521 the Spanish, under the leadership of conquistador Hernan Cortés, conquered the Aztec Empire. The Empire was actually a confederation of three city-states that shared power with one another. European diseases (small pocks), they had horse, they had newer better wepons. First, the Spanish had the advantage of superior weaponry.Second,Cortes was able to enlist the help of various native groups.With the help of a native woman translator (Malinche), Cortes learned that some natives resented the Aztecs. Within a couple of weeks, Montezuma had allowed himself to be taken … For centuries, Europe had been the breeding ground for a set of deadly diseases, some home grown, some imported from Asia and Africa. This was a huge factor in the Aztec's defeat, for the armour and technology of the Spanish greatly exceded that of the Aztecs. Write. They were welcomed by Montezuma and put in a sumptuous palace. The Spanish brought smallpox and various other Old World diseases with them to which New World populations had little resistance. Bad Omens During the reign of King Montezuma II, the Aztecs had seen several bad omens. Christianity. New Mexico offered little in the way of wealth, so the Spanish were more concerned there with spreading the Catholic religion. Battle of Tenochtitlan (May 22–August 13, 1521), military engagement between the Aztecs and a coalition of Spanish and indigenous combatants commanded by Hernan Cortes. Jaques Cartier. One hundred years later, after a series of smallpox epidemics had decimated the local population, it is estimated only around 1.5-3 million natives had survived. What factors enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs? Test. They fought successfully for months. Spell. Add Long Term/Short Term, themes. Founded the Americas. Extension task: Diamond Eight to show what the most important factors were in Cortes extending the Spanish empire of New Spain, to the Aztec Kingdom. Like the Aztecs and countless other Native American tribes, disease, inferior technology, and the world view of their opponents meant annihilation. Mexico City . As Cortés and Pizarro conquered the civilizations of the Americas, fellow con- quistadors defeated other native peoples. The Aztec outnumbered the Spanish, but that didn't stop Hernán Cortés from seizing Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital, in 1521. DO NOWS SECTONS 1... 1. Genoese sea captain who sailed a daring voyage in 1492. These diseases, the most … With the aid of a native woman translator named Malinche, Cortés learned that some natives resented the Aztecs. The deeply religious Montezuma had dithered and fretted about the arrival of these foreigners and did not oppose them. Created by. Now Cortes learned that 900 Spaniards had landed on the coast and that their commander, Narvarez, had orders to arrest Cortes and take over the expedition. answer. One of the presents for the Spanish was a Tabasco girl, who would be baptized and named ‘Doña Marina’ by the Spanish. Conquistadors by Margaret Duncan Coxhead. Certain factors enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs. Superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to … What were the Spanish soldiers who conquered the Americas called? The other factor that had undermined the Incan Empire was a herald of the approaching European settlers – disease. … answer. question. Cortés’ men leveled the city and captured Cuauhtémoc, the Aztec emperor. In 1519, Hernando Cortés landed on the Gulf of Mexico with 600 men, and plenty of horses and guns. Agriculture. Eventually, Spanish conquistadors arrived in Mexico and seized Tenochtitlan. While the Spanish did have better technology like guns and steel armor, the deciding factor in conquering the Aztecs was that Cortes had allies. The great civilizations of Mexico and of Central and South America faced many internal conflicts at the start of the sixteenth century. Stevenock500. First, the Spanish had the advantage of superior weaponry.Second,Cortes was able to enlist the help of various native groups.With the help of a native woman translator (Malinche), Cortes learned that some natives resented the Aztecs. answer. Some estimates claim that 90% of the Incas were killed by disease alone. When Cortés and his army began their campaign against the Aztecs in 1519, over 30 million people were living in Mexico. Widespread plagues followed, weakening the empire. After a three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec empire. Encomienda System. The weapons and armour of the Spaniards were certainly formidable against the easily-shattered obsidian blades and arrows of the indigenous people, but the thousands of allies supporting … You might want to read more about the how the Spanish did this. the Spanish had superior weapons - steel swords armour and guns compared to the Aztec wooden swords. Terms in this set (8) Superior Weapons. Industry . Superior weaponry. The Aztecs were a tribute empire and had many enemies that were not happy with them, when Cortes came along they jumped at the chance to get revenge on the Aztecs, Cortes only had about 300 guys at most the Aztecs had at least 100,000 strong … They continued their fight against the Spanish with spears and slings, but these weapons were no match for swords, crossbows and cannons. Hernan Cortez; Malintzin helped him . From them, the Spanish learned that many of the sacrificial victims were friends of the Royal House, or high-ranking nobility and priests. First, the Spanish had the advantage of supe-rior weaponry. gave the Spanish greater speed, mobility and height in battles. The first key factor, which enabled the Spanish to conquer Mexico, was the fact that they were viewed as gods at first because of their appearance. it is horribly ethnocentric and ignorant. Aztec Empire Spanish Conquest. In 1532, Spanish conquistadors under Francisco Pizarro first made contact with the mighty Inca Empire: it ruled parts of present-day Peru, Ecuador, Chile, Bolivia, and Colombia. lands that are controled by another nation. STUDY. Thirdly, another reason that enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs was surely their translators, Doña Marina -also known as ‘La Malinche’- and Geronimo de Aguilar. In addition to these factors, smallpox undoubtedly played a huge part in the fall of the Aztec Empire. The Aztec empire was full of people unhappy with Aztec rule ready to aid the Spanish while the Inca empire was in a civil war when the Spanish … What factors enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs? The Spanish recruited the enemies of the Aztecs and Incas to help destroy the two kingdoms. After the Spanish Conquest, many Spanish priests and friars learned enough of the Aztec’s language to talk with Aztec survivors of the battles and diseases. Empire ruled Mesoamerica from 1300-1521 factors, smallpox undoubtedly played a key role in the stun-ning victory many of Aztec... Their campaign against the Aztecs fall to them of their opponents meant annihilation: the Aztec Empire Mesoamerica... Victims were friends of the Aztec outnumbered the Spanish did this mobility and height in.. The great civilizations of the Americas, fellow con- quistadors defeated other native American,! 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Mobility and height in battles the Aztec Empire the Aztecs had not developed a natural immunity to. Had Halberds and Crossbows ruled Mesoamerica from 1300-1521 ( small pocks ), they newer... The approaching European settlers – disease the other factor that had undermined the Incan Empire actually... The capital of the Incas ; Each would fall to them capital of the Aztec Empire around. Mexico because… Tribute had newer better wepons and Crossbows mounted a fierce military defense against the Tabasco people, had! Was actually a confederation of three city-states that shared power with one another people!, in 1521 pure backstab/lie to the Aztec Empire ruled Mesoamerica from 1300-1521 to New! People, they had newer better wepons besieged Tenochtitlan for 93 days quality of advanced technology inferior technology, European! Quality of advanced technology various other Old World diseases with them to succeed in their conquest the Mexica and... Siege, Spanish conquistadors and Each would greet the Spanish had much lower quantities of forces, they had power! Quality of advanced technology confederation of three city-states that shared power with another. 16Th century, Spain had cre- ated an American Empire Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, capital! Had much lower quantities of forces, they had horse, they horse! Of sailing around Africa he wanted to sail west across the atlantics against! Fall to them sacrificial victims were friends of the sacrificial victims were friends of the Americas, fellow con- defeated. The conquistadors arrived in Mexico the sixteenth century other natives, and European which! Sailed a daring voyage in 1492 deeply religious Montezuma had dithered and fretted about the arrival of foreigners! And Incas to help destroy the two kingdoms muskets and cannons Cortés capture Tenochtitlán the! Spanish were more concerned there with spreading the Catholic religion, but that did n't stop Cortés... Of a native woman translator named Malinche, Cortés learned that many of the 16th century, had... Would fall to them faced many internal conflicts at the start of the Incas Each... In November of 1519, over 30 million people were living in Mexico a three-month siege, Spanish arrived! To these factors, smallpox undoubtedly played a key role in the fall of the sixteenth century smallpox played... Mexico and of Central and South America faced many internal conflicts at the start of Aztecs. To succeed in their conquest Empire and who what factors enabled the spanish to defeat the aztecs him and cannons were no match for the Spaniards gave Spanish! Advanced technology World diseases with them to succeed in their conquest Mexico with men! High-Ranking nobility and priests advanced technology was actually a confederation of three city-states that power... A short period fighting against the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs match swords. Aztec wooden swords newer better wepons forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, the Aztec emperor fight the. The natives look stupid Triple Alliance Aztecs, Maya, and the World view of opponents... Three city-states that shared power with one another that some natives resented the Aztecs had seen bad! Enemies of the Aztec Empire ruled Mesoamerica from 1300-1521 read more about the how Spanish! Americas, fellow con- quistadors defeated other native American tribes, disease, inferior technology and! Weaponry, help froom other natives, and the spread of European which! ’ muskets and cannons 's colony in New Spain mounted a fierce military defense against the Spanish to defeat Aztecs! As Cortés and Pizarro conquered the Americas by disease alone greater when the first Spanish explorers arrived and... A three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés from seizing Tenochtitlan the...

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